There are many ways that adoption can work. It can be a private arrangement between the birth parents and the adoptive parents or done through an agency. In either case, additional steps are taken for the adoption to be legal.
The first step is to find an adoptive family. This can be done through an agency or by word-of-mouth. Once an adoptive family has been found, the next step is to complete the paperwork. The paperwork will vary depending on the country where the adoption is taking place, but it will generally include an application and a home study. After completing the paperwork, the next step is to have a social worker match the child with the adoptive family. Once the match has been made, a home study will screen the adopting family to ensure the home is suitable and safe for a child. After the screening, it will be time to finalize the adoption. Finalizing an adoption usually involves a court hearing, after which the adoption is legal.
There are different types of adoption, including open, closed, and relative. In an open adoption, the birth parents and the adoptive parents have contact. In a closed adoption, the birth parents and the adoptive parents do not have contact. In a relative adoption, the child is adopted by a family member.
Open adoptions allow biological and adoptive families to remain in contact with one another after the adoption is finalized. This type of adoption typically involves regular visits between the birth and adoptive families and updates on the child’s progress through pictures and letters. Open adoptions can also provide an opportunity for both families to develop a support system, as they will undoubtedly have questions and concerns about the adoption process. If you are in the process of open adoption, mediation can be a helpful tool to ensure rules and boundaries are placed. Mediation can help create a schedule for visitations, gifts, phone calls, and special occasions.
Closed adoptions are a type of adoption in which the biological and adoptive families do not have any contact with each other after the adoption is finalized. This type of adoption is often used when the birth parents want to remain anonymous or when they feel that they are unable to care for their child. Closed adoptions can also be used when the adoptive family does not want to be contacted by the birth family.
If the adoption is relative, the petitioner is a close relative of the child, such as a grandparent, aunt, or uncle. In most cases, relative adoption does not require the involvement of an attorney because it is a relatively simple process. The relatives will likely need to file a petition with the court and provide evidence that they are fit to adopt the child. The court will then decide whether to approve the adoption.
Adoption can be a gratifying experience for both the adoptive parents and the child. It is important to choose an adoption option that is right for you and your family. Swenson Law Group is here to support you in all of your adoption needs.